The Breakup of the Soviet Union Explained 

History Scope
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The Collapse of the Soviet Union.
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My music playlist while animating: • My Music Playlist
Music in this video
0:00, 30:42 - Soviet National Anthem
4:58 - Carmen Habanera - Georges Bizet
7:10, 39:32 - From Russia With Love - Huma Huma
10:17 - Waltz of the Flowers - Tchaikovsky
18:17 - Danse des Petits Cygnes - Tchaikovsky
28:15 - Balada pentru vioara - George Enescu
(I need to add the others but I am super tired at the moment... please leave a comment asking for the others if you want to know them... I'm too tired to look them all up at the moment. I'm sorry)
- The Soviet Economy Explained: • The Economy of th...
- The opening of the Berlin Wall: • The Fall of the B... & • The Fall of the B...
- Yeltsin on a Tank: • Yeltsin's "tank" ...
- Human Barricade: • USSR - Coup ]
- Short summary of the events: www.history.com/topics/cold-w...
- www.britannica.com/place/Russ...
- The Collapse seen as at the time: www.nytimes.com/1991/12/26/wo...
- Comparison between the USA’s economy and the Soviet economy: www.cia.gov/library/readingro...
The USA’s perspective: history.state.gov/milestones/...
- Text of Gorbachev’s Farewell Address: www.nytimes.com/1991/12/26/wo...
- Why the USSR collapsed: www.thoughtco.com/why-did-the...



5 Haz 2023




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YORUMLAR : 7 539   
Viri Descent77
Viri Descent77 Yıl önce
"to avoid controversy over finland, i'll just remove finland" problem solving 100
eenayeah Aylar önce
Mans literally thanos snapped Finland away
Just Skip
Just Skip Aylar önce
Greetings from Finland. I am fine with this.
Tricia Lewis
Tricia Lewis 27 gün önce
@Just Skip you no longer exists
Jessica Rukuata-joynson
​@Tricia Lewis who are you replying to?
Darh 20 gün önce
rasyty2 Yıl önce
It’s worth mentioning that once Lithuania declared independence in 1990, as Soviet troops were still present in the country, in January 1991, they tried to take over the government buildings again. People were gathering and forming human-blockades, trying to stop the tanks. 14 civilians were killed and over 140 injured. Another significant event was the Baltic Way/ The Chain of Freedom, where in 1989, Lithuanians, Latvians and Estonians, around 2 million people, gathered in a peaceful demonstration showing the world that they were seeking independence from the Soviet Union.
Gintaras Panavas
Gintaras Panavas Yıl önce
@OLLlaJIeJIblu_KoPHeT richest? When soviet were richest? We have average salaries like more than twice as in russia currently, so could be better, but doing not too bad
Odeta Balskute
Odeta Balskute Yıl önce
@OLLlaJIeJIblu_KoPHeT no worries, better than Russians today. Any of former Soviet countries in Europe doesn’t seem to wish to be a part of that GREAT country…so maybe it means something 😉
@Gintaras Panavas ye ye i herd these naive yells about endless deficits lol. Czechoslovakia was assembling box of USSR becuz of divided spheres of industry. Baltic countries didn't suffer such air polution coming from factories as Siberia, for example. And i bet they didn't build factories in -40°C like it was when KMK was built.
Live The Future
Live The Future Yıl önce
The real question i have is, Why? Why didnt the soviets just put down the revolution through military force, why did they just let it happen? Was there some economic reason? Was the occupation just unsustainable and a strain on the economy? was as it fear of civil unrest and civil war? If they really wanted to preserve the union, why did they just 'let' the revolutions happen without interference?
trevor esposito
trevor esposito Yıl önce
Particularly with the strife (war) going on recently, I wanted to fill the massive gap in my knowledge of this history. I could have found no better video, and one whose 40 minutes melted away like seconds. Clear, detailed yet concise and incredibly informative. Thank you so much for creating this. Fabulous job.
Dominvs qvi amat ancilla
Isn't it fascinating how Russia managed to basically hide the Ukraine from the world map? It was there, it was screaming, but everyone just pretended like it doesn't exist
GhostNappa Yıl önce
The fact that the soviet era ended so peacefully over such a short period of time is a miracle. I feel as though it may have only been delayed.
Dragos Stefan
Dragos Stefan Yıl önce
not in Romania
It didn't end peacefully. National conflicts started by nationaliats are keep going
Live The Future
Live The Future Yıl önce
Really is quite astonishing it didnt turn into a civil war as might have happened in previous centuries. i think its probably only because of gorbachov's unique willingness to give up power prevented that from happening. A quality not many leaders possessed.
RivieraByBuick 10 aylar önce
Depends on what you mean by "short" and "peacful". Ex socialist countries experienced a huge economical and crime problems for at least 10 years after USSR collapsed.
Lord Pizza the Eighth Son of Ramsey
Barely peaceful tbh. Corruption skyrocketed as well and crime
Mori- Chan
Mori- Chan Yıl önce
I started with "I want to understand more the conflict between Russia and Ukraine" then I realized I need to include the history of USSR and why it collapsed. This is a good find. Thank you!
Brendan Yıl önce
it also goes way back before the USSR, with the Russian Empire
Kyorin Yıl önce
Same here.
DntWachMeWachTV Yıl önce
@-Leaf- the best video I’ve come across on current events
Thulp Fiction
Thulp Fiction Yıl önce
Nice job coming up with a topical comment.
Crystal Wright
Crystal Wright Yıl önce
I couldnt have said it better myself! I dont know the history at all pre Russia...
Lilly Anne Santos
Lilly Anne Santos Aylar önce
EXCELLENT video. So much history summed up in just 40 minutes. Also, i noticed the LACK of ad breaks. Another THANK YOU. I couldn't believe how fast the time went. This was educational yet also interesting and presented in a clear, understandable way. Its sad how MANY people lived through this but how FEW people know what truly happened. Even in USA public schools this is glossed over..i remember my history teacher spent MORE time trying to shame us for taking the land away from the Native American Indians than she did about anything in Europe.
Mayuri 2 yıl önce
I'd imagine that Russia declaring independence from the USSR before Kazakhstan did would have been as surreal as England declaring independence from the UK before, say, Wales did.
leonardo baracchi
leonardo baracchi 2 yıl önce
No, that's the point. People think Russia had an imperialistic attitude towards other countries of the union. And this is not true at all. Of course a very different situation existed in the satellite countries of Central and Eastern Europe, for they were under an imperialistic grip, but we couldn't say the same of ex. Kazakistan, which was completely involved in the union, with full trust in the ideology, even if they suffered from some of the worst crimes towards people and environment (polygon and baikonur just to name two)
m7ray 2 yıl önce
@leonardo baracchi "Baikonur"...."Worst crime" Oh. My. God. *facepalm
Dan C
Dan C Yıl önce
@leonardo baracchi You say that, but back then, me, a kid from Moldova watched as tens of trucks with milk went to Russia and other Soviet republics when my family was barely eating. Lucky we had a cow
L'ami Yıl önce
Or Ontario from Canada
feelda303 Yıl önce
I'm Czech and I remember when Russians left our country. I was 10 and was sitting by bond fire with Russian troops and had no idea what all this was about. I was just a little kiddo who saw cool tanks and guys with AK's. I also remember some of the roads having tank tracks on them for long years after Russians left.
Wither5000 Yıl önce
Were you scared?
feelda303 Yıl önce
@Wither5000 no, not really
Xing Ha Lee
Xing Ha Lee 8 aylar önce
@Wither5000 lol why?!
EMS 5 aylar önce
@Xing Ha Lee Xing isn't afraid of tanks. Xing was at Tiananmen Square in 1989.
Peter Kocic
Peter Kocic Yıl önce
I actually have a small piece of the Berlin Wall somewhere at home in a box, we got there as tourists in the summer of -90 (by car from Sweden down to Jugoslavia). There were guys there who rented out hammers and chisel, so you could help tear down the wall. I was 11 yo at that time, remember it as if it was yesterday. Visiting Check Point Charlie etc. It was an amazing period, and the STARK contrast as you crossed from west to east I will never forget. Was like going into a different city, in terms of architecture and just general polish of the city.
Charm 4 aylar önce
That’s actually really cool! Hope you can find the stones!
Tyler 4 aylar önce
same here.
alex 3 aylar önce
Причину контраста знаешь? Почему так много денег вложили в западный Берлин? Результат это ваше впечатление
Sauce Daddy
Sauce Daddy 2 aylar önce
@alex Uhhh to show the prosperity of capitalism and prove its superiority? Which it did.
alex 2 aylar önce
@Sauce Daddy превосходство? Кризис 80х не пережил бы капитализм, если бы не развал. Жить за счёт других, вот в чем смысл.
Kurt Healey
Kurt Healey Yıl önce
I want to thank you for this accurate, concise and much needed perspective on the dismantling of the U.S.S.R.. For me it not only provided a trip down memory lane. But also included tid bits of forgotten IMPORTANT detail. Huge thumbs up!
Paulus Rex
Paulus Rex Yıl önce
Truly excellent. This was all stuff I sort of knew, gathered in bits and pieces over many years from various sources referenced in articles, books, documentaries about mostly other subjects. To have it all here, in one cleanly and clearly narrated lecture solidifies what was at best, "fuzzy" knowledge into solid understanding. I think what I liked best is that you're just recalling events with a brief explanation of the why and how, rather than a) becoming bogged down with all the alternative theories and peripheral possibilities - granted, this is often done in an attempt by the creator to be fair but it always makes for an over long and confusing video, and b) it is ideology free. When something like the recent invasion of Ukraine happens, there are always a ton of (mostly) opportunistic videos whose titles invariably begin with "The TRUTH about ...XYZ". Hey, people should be free to post their own views if they want, of course, but I think that a lot of these content creators are employing an extremely liberal definition of the word "truth". Anyway, thanks for this video. You have a new subscriber.
alex 3 aylar önce
Горбачев создал дыры в экономике, а потом из-за дыр наступил кризис. Пересмотрите еще раз, это было сделано намерено, ослабление. Про капиталистический кризис в других странах 80г так же ознакомьтесь и сделайте правильный вывод
alex 3 aylar önce
@MAGNETISTARS про нашу страну, это ссср? Или про капиталистическую россию
Gray.Karen333 2 aylar önce
As a documentary buff, this is one of the most fascinating and informative documentaries I have ever watched. You have a new subscriber.
History Scope
History Scope 3 yıl önce
This video has more complicated animations than any of my previous videos. I spent A LOT of effort to make this video the best video I have made so far: better animations, music, and more attention on my own voice. But this has also been the most time-consuming video I've ever made. So hopefully this video is the beginning of a new History Scope 'era' and I can keep this up this quality in the future. I hope you guys like this video and if you have any feedback then please let me know by replying to this comment. I do actually read all of them thanks to the TRvid Creator app.
penumbra01 3 yıl önce
These videos are excellent. I can't even imagine being able to put together a video this long and this high-quality (or, admittedly, anything even close to what you put out on a regular basis!). Thanks.
Феликс Хазарский
Dude, as a russian, I must say, that this is probably the best English history video on the matter I have ever seen! Good job, eh
J V ColdDayInHell2
J V ColdDayInHell2 3 yıl önce
Love seeing what you're doing with the channel and where you're taking it. The gradual steps are definitely paying off!
Shame you shat on the high standards you set for your scripts in your previous videos to make this personal vent. A real step backwards for the channel.
Cynical TheAstroCreep
@History Scope what is your country of origin? I'd be very interested to know? Also, what is your personal knowledge of and experience of USSR style communism? Are you from a former USSR state?
Jacqueline Smith
Jacqueline Smith Yıl önce
A very good explanation, and today, with the invasion of the Ukraine, I have a better understanding of why all this is happening. Thanks!
Rob Rak
Rob Rak 10 aylar önce
There is still a gap needs filling : the period between 1990s and the time when Putin raised to power and how he fixed the country’s problems
no name to see
no name to see Yıl önce
Thank you for this simply explained history lesson! Its embarrassing that I was18 during that time, and didn't really know what was happening. Too wrapped up in my teenage self.
Punished Yıl önce
8:55 My mom was a soviet medical student, she almost died in an earthquake that happend in the 90’s in Moldova. Developed a fear of cars temporarily cuz she got in a accident an the driver bailed cuz fuel was leaking and waited for the car to explode, but thankfully nearby people came to help her and the other trapped students, the car was flipped on the side and all of them got out thru the window, the car they were in was a soviet ambulance. I was in one for a couple of times, either it be to go to the capital, and to go to the main hostipal that was on the outskirts of town, and I’m Gen Z. Healthcare wasn’t attrocious, they had good lasting equiment for that time, and you wouldn’t just die of hunger, even tho poverty was somewhat widespeard, it all depended on what your parents job was and much they would get. Medics weren’t stupid and they were very good, what was bad, was the system. I live in Moldova so take that as an isolated conclusion, I know nothing about what was happening in the other parts of USSR.
Melody Hapner
Melody Hapner Yıl önce
I really appreciate this video. I was born in 1980, so much of this happened during my life, but I was too young to understand what happened. It would be great to know more about how the rest of the world pulled strings, provided support or opposition during those times of revolt. But, this was quite enlightening on its own, so thank you!
Rayy‘s Musikladen
Rayy‘s Musikladen 4 aylar önce
What a brilliant video! Thanks for your research and visualization efforts. One minor detail: West and East Germany were not only divided by the Berlin wall; there were GDR fortifications and a death strip along the entire length of the ca. 1,400 km border.
Jean Guy
Jean Guy 2 yıl önce
To avoid offending people from Finland, I will just delete the country from history
Arthas Menethil
Arthas Menethil 2 yıl önce
Is that a quote from Stalin?
Deoxys911 2 yıl önce
@Arthas Menethil Nah, I'm pretty sure it was Xeno.
Dathn 2 yıl önce
@The Secret Suspects true
LSA chronicles
LSA chronicles 2 yıl önce
Finland is fini
Azure Yang
Azure Yang Yıl önce
I really love the video and appreciate the time and effort you devoted to making this video, which saved us tremendous time to do our own research. I wish TRvid could let us donate to the video creators directly, instead of watching those irrelevant ads..
R.W. Bottorff
R.W. Bottorff 2 aylar önce
I really enjoyed watching this. I appreciate the objectivity and tone you use to describe the greater context and mitigating factors surrounding the history. Thank you, I'm subscribing.
Charm 4 aylar önce
As an Englishman I love learning about foreign history it’s just so interesting. We don’t get taught any of this In school and we dong get taught how not everything about communism is bad. It’s just so much better to learn things from an unbiased viewpoint. I wish school was like this :((
george gonczarek
george gonczarek Yıl önce
Great job, You covered more that I ever new. Coming from a war torn europe my parents rarely discussed what they went thru. I guess old wounds in their case didn t heal. My knowledge about the history of world war 2 came from people that published the history of dictators hitler poooootin and others.
Dan Kim
Dan Kim Yıl önce
What an excellent video that thoroughly explained the dissolution of the USSR. Too many people do not understand this historic event but through this video they can now. The Soviet Union and its history, culture and conflicts has been a personal fascination of mine in recent years and this video had me constantly interested the whole time.
Kim O'Brien
Kim O'Brien 3 aylar önce
It failed to point the finger at the real cause which was the rise of Stalin and the murder of Lenin's party. As Trotsky had written years ago it was impossible for the bureaucracy to self reform. It could only be overthrown. Gorbachev himself was promoted because of the praise he wrote for the Greatest Leader of Mankind Joeshp Stalin. Stalin whom Lenin had been the first to call for the removal.of him from his post as General Secretary.
The Pæonic Kingdom
I was born in Romania, Oradea, Romania specifically. Of Hungarian parents with mixed ancestry based on their histories. To know that we sparked the beginning of freedom in Romania and that I’m a child of that spark is a really amazing feeling! I love the entire region and can not wait to see us all prosper even more!
Hello Sweden
Hello Sweden Yıl önce
I am so happy you are prospering! I watched the brave Romanian people on TV, the first time foreign TV was allowed in. I could watch the disaster the evil Ceausescu had caused by his greed and tyranny. I watched the protests and the time he understood how hated he was. I really wish he felt terror, fear and anguish those hours before execution. It was a self defence kill - the entire Romanian nation defended itself against him. Be proud. Many greetings from Sweden. It is amazing how fast you caught up to us non-Communist countries and that says a lot about how hard working the Romanian people is.
Anuj Vaidya
Anuj Vaidya Yıl önce
You do know that after the fall of the Soviets, the economy of Romania experienced a severe downturn and it is still recovering today. The USSR brought rapid industrialization and advancements in measures of equality in society
Anuj Vaidya
Anuj Vaidya Yıl önce
The west has not necessarily resulted in unprecedented prosperity for countries like Romania.
zbu zbu
zbu zbu Yıl önce
how can you be Romania if your parants ar hungarian ?:))
History Scope
History Scope Yıl önce
A post of modern Romania used to be part of Hungary. That region is still ethnically hungarian. People from that region can receive hungarian citizenship and thus have dual citizenship. It's rather easy to be both hungarian and Romanian when you're from that region of the world.
K Yıl önce
This was so informative, well-paced, & entertaining! I am also absolutely in love with the graphics/memes that were thrown in
Jody Burgin
Jody Burgin Yıl önce
Great informative video! Thank you. Given what's happening right now in the Ukraine, I felt I needed to brush up my history knowledge & this is the first of many vids I'll watch & hopefully learn from. As a thank you I'm subscribing 😊
elessar0009 Yıl önce
Loved every minute of it. Thanks a lot for the effort you put in making this.
Dave Rees
Dave Rees Yıl önce
Great video. A heck of a history, or collection of histories, and very well told. Such times---the world was New again and all was possible. Deng was opening China, starting the modernization and integration that would lift hundreds of millions from poverty. The West certainly felt on a roll as commerce and democracy seemed to spread everywhere and quickly. And here we are. Goodness! Well, thanks for the meditation, too. cheers
Lyn T.
Lyn T. Yıl önce
Excellent presentation. I learned so much from this and I hope you can add more. Maybe do individual countries and their histories. Thanks!
SubduedRadical 2 yıl önce
"At the start of 1989, the Eastern European countries were all considered stable socialist countries. By the beginning of 1990, all Warsaw Pact nations had experienced a political revolution..." It's shocking HOW FAST things went from "everything is fine" to "the face of the world is now completely different". Makes you wonder how wrong those "it can never happen here" people likely are...
Arthas Menethil
Arthas Menethil 2 yıl önce
To be fair the Soviet union was horribly inefficient from the start but slowly got worse, they mostly stopped growing economically in the 70s, and went from being a global leader in scientific advancement to mostly just stealing tech by the 70s. By 1985 Japan, a country with less than half their population and virtually zero natural resources, almost no business or major diplomatic ties with anyone but the US, and not even enough farmland to feed more then about half of their own population, had an economy roughly 3/4 that of the USSR. The soviet union covered up alot of their problems but they had a pretty steady decline internationally from the 70s until they imploded but even before that they were showing cracks from the beginning with all the ethnic groups that hated the russians and each other, all the religions that hated each other and the atheistic Soviets, and all the political groups that hated the single party soviets. The soviet union was pretty much just held together through threat of violence from the start so as soon as they showed any weakness they fell to pieces where most other countries could survive through appealing to the publc in some way
Ankur Gaikwad
Ankur Gaikwad 2 yıl önce
I'm here to cook up ideas to tackle chinese communism lol
RRice 2 yıl önce
@Arthas Menethil So in a way, its decline was like a runaway train that built up speed slowly at first, over the course of about 30 years or so, then went over a cliff.
Arthas Menethil
Arthas Menethil 2 yıl önce
@RRice yes, and to extend the metaphor the crash happened because the engineer wasn't qualified, was paid minimum wage, got drunk on mouthwash, and passed out at the controls. Also the train was made out of cardboard painted to look like metal. The cargo was mainly turnips.
Phil Mycock
Phil Mycock 2 yıl önce
Nothing was stable after the revolution, people literally did not know what to do.
Merlijn Boogerd
Merlijn Boogerd Yıl önce
Amazing, thanks for this tremendous effort. Super interesting and helpful these days to understand this fragment of history a bit better. Subscribed for more!
Grizzly Country
Grizzly Country Yıl önce
As a American I've never had bad feelings about people from the USSR or Russia. It's been towards the government itself. But I also feel the same bad feelings about alot of my own government. I think if governments required a vote by the people to go to war we wouldn't have wars. We all want to go to work, get married, have kids and enjoy life regardless of our country. We don't want wars.
Gudieve Ning
Gudieve Ning Yıl önce
Some wars are faught to allow what you want.
Alexander Scalzo
Alexander Scalzo 4 aylar önce
Thank u for making the video long! What I don’t like about schools teaching about this period is how quick they do it and not go into detail! It was definitely a long and complicated time and I’m glad u explain it to detail by the events
onesprincess Yıl önce
I love the effort you put into this video literally I hear and see every aspect and all the individual details. Thanks for sharing
Grigorescu Adrian
Grigorescu Adrian 4 saatler önce
One of the best documentaries on this topic, clearly explaining what happened. Congratulations !
DogLookingBackAtYou 3 yıl önce
I had an Uber who was a Russian soldier in 1991. He was in Uzbekistan and when the Union dissolved he was stuck in Uzbekistan. No job, no money, no way of being repatriated. He didn’t even have a pension from the army. He was luckily able to get a job then he was able to immigrate to the US.
Tommy2shoe811 3 yıl önce
Space Racer26 yep I’ve met several Russians that went through the same thing.
Roger Hearn
Roger Hearn 2 yıl önce
Tommy2shoe811 I saw Russian fishing boats Moored at the docks in the city of Klipeda Lithuania, three abreast and the Russian crews just left to there own devices, no money ( wages that is ) ships not going to sea, no means of earning just left there to get on with things survive if you can, was told some crew members did get back to Russia, but one wonders if they ever got back into work ever again.??........
Dan Hall
Dan Hall 2 yıl önce
America home of the free.... Fucking sing the national anthem or else
tk2x Yıl önce
I'm glad everyone is finished being viral infection experts, and we can now move on to being geopolitical experts.
K W.
K W. Yıl önce
Hilarious comment by you, and good video to watch.
Mike C
Mike C Yıl önce
@Daebak I wish Obama and Pope Francis were in charge of the world. Great theory!
Jason Embry
Jason Embry Yıl önce
Yes. People should remain ignorant and not seek out any perspective or further knowledge.
Jorge Robles
Jorge Robles Yıl önce
One of the best Historical Summary videos I have ever seen, and the best yet about the dissolution of the USSR. And you really showed a Mastery of the topic, with an extraordinary explanation of the USSR history. And your dedication and careful organization of the material is Impeccable. I take my hat of before you. From a new subscriber and admirer of your Knowledge and Dedication!!!!!
Jimmy Lam
Jimmy Lam 4 aylar önce
Very informative and well-organised documentary. I learnt a lot in just half an hour. Thank you Sir.
Larry Hutcherson Sr
I really liked and appreciate this video. Thank you so much for producing it. I learned so much in such a short period of time.
Julian 5 aylar önce
VERY INFORMATIVE and concise! I "sort of" knew it all... but having it all here, in a coherent presentation - neither too short nor too long - is awesome, thank you!
Ian Junqueira Ayres Barbosa
I loved that you put music by composers of the country you were talking about! Hungarian dances when talking about hungary, bach when talking about germany, Dvorak when talking about Czechoslovakia ❤️
Andrey Yıl önce
Except, Hungarian dances were written by Brahms (a German).
Ian Junqueira Ayres Barbosa
@Andrey you're right. I would've chosen one of Liszt Hungarian Rhapsodies
Артем Буйлук
also for ukraine there was either anthem of USSR or dead silence. What a shame :c
danguee1 Yıl önce
You mean like Frenchman Bizet's music at 5:24?
slidenapps 10 aylar önce
@Ian Junqueira Ayres Barbosa hahaha
Foreign exchanger
Collective organizations should only be something done at a community level. If a group of people want to share and have a close-knit community, GREAT. That truly is the most effective way people can live. However, when big government tries to force everyone into this way of life as a whole, it doesn't work. If you force people to give, it is no longer charity. If you force people to share, it is no longer a community. I think it is a GREAT idea to encourage communities to live better through sharing, but you must equally allow people the choice to live other ways too. Communal living can only work when the people share the responsibility of governing themselves at a neighborly level, and not at the level of federal or national governments.
Yehoshua Cohen
Yehoshua Cohen Yıl önce
Any democracy, by definition, is a form of collective organization, and every government has laws that coerce citizen action in many aspects of life, are you arguing for anarchy?
Foreign exchanger
@Yehoshua Cohen I don't suggest that we get rid of big government. I just suggest that big government shouldn't be expected to sort out all of the needs and wants of individuals. That is a really inefficient way of dealing with the needs of the people. Even state, county, and city governments cannot possibility become organized enough to manage every individuals problems. We live in a world now, where we are mostly divided by people who think each individual should be responsible for themselves, or people who think that big government needs to better support each individual. The division is nonsense because these problems are best managed at a communal level, such as community churches used to do. Since there are so many people against churches having this level of control, we need an adequate replacement (tho churches should still try to operate in such a way with its attendees). We need a government office in every neighborhood, controlled by active members of the community. Something easy to join and benefit. The laws of federal governed should still stand tho.
Chamudi Siriwardhane
He's amazing, he educated his mom and us about this complicated topic in a 40 minute video
nounix 3
nounix 3 Yıl önce
WELL DONE for this video! Very well explained, and didn't miss out on facts in order to "promote" your own view of things. You should make a new one that continues on from the Yeltsin period to the one of Putin and his gradual attempt to recreate the ussr (pardon the non using of caps for the acronym) and his methods starting with Chechnya, Georgia, Crimea, Ukraine. Maybe refer to the relation between Napoleon, Hitler and him? (There was always going to be a "3rd"...)
John Calvert
John Calvert 10 aylar önce
This guy is so good. A great communicator and a great educator. I wonder if he's an academic IRL?
h 4 aylar önce
Thank you for such clarity for my first attempt to understand what i were living back when i had only 8-9 years. Keep up the good work! :)
Juris Krumgolds
Juris Krumgolds 3 yıl önce
Also as a Latvian I'm truly disappointed you didn't mention the Baltic Way. It was a peaceful protest in Baltic countries in 1989 when people of all three Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia made a 675 km long human chain of over a two million people holding hands. A truly spectacular event!
Tyler 3 yıl önce
floorscastle 2 yıl önce
Wow, didnt know that
Tyler 2 yıl önce
@Ivan Fomenko all of that because i wrote same
Frederick Chavre
Frederick Chavre 2 yıl önce
Thank-you, Your Countrymen helped bring the USSR down.
haanjamiis 2 yıl önce
@ivan It's so wrong it almost funny! Ofc we should be grateful. Grateful for occupying our land for 50 years. 10% of Estonia is still occupied. Grateful that soviets killed or deported about 1/5 of Estonian population. Grateful for destroying our economy. (Before occupation Estonia was about the same level with Finland). Grateful trying to destroy our culture (about 30% of forced russian speaking immigration; russian schools; in many cities you could not speak our native language). Grateful of destroying Estonian nature with superwasteful mining industries. So many things to be grateful of! Now tell the people from Georgia and Ukraine, how has Russia changed and how we should not be careful with Russia. Thank you very much, but we all know what Russian "protection" means. We all do!
TheLoneTerran Yıl önce
I was two when the wall fell in '89 so I have no memories but the collapse in '91, I have very unclear memories of a couple things. One fragment is of a man standing on a white wall with a blue coat and was viewed from the side. I also remember family celebrating. Later on when I asked about what I saw, parents told me they weren't celebrating the collapse per se, since that meant a lot of hard times for umpteen millions of people, but the specter of nuclear war being partially banished. I wonder if part of the optimism of the 90s in the US was in part by people didn't believe they could die at any second and the world would end. I mean, even if the fear was still there but greatly diminished, I'd be pretty damn happy too haha. I've "heard", mainly through snippets of stuff I didn't catch much of or just general osmosis, but I've heard that the risk of nuclear war is as high as it was during particularly tense periods of the Cold War, just that the populace doesn't really realize it right now.
Tomas Siqveland
Tomas Siqveland Yıl önce
I’m 56 and remember this jarring period. Relearning how this story objectively unfolded, is crucially relevant to the global north right now. Leaders can choose to abuse power, or realize the state of their citizens. A choice that is relevant only if there is a political cost of a bad decision. Today, our leaders are both political (in state or government), and private (corporate ownership) ones - A situation we may not analyze correctly, as the role of democracy becomes fuzzy and irrelevant in a global scale economy. This story shows that nation states emerge from a complex ground state, not from a defined political target - whatever the intentions may be. The forces driving this are inflection points triggered by crisis, and the outcome is on a spectrum from egalitarianism to despotism. We should be more aware, open and honest, and learn fast in our time. Greetings from 🇳🇴…
drholmes1003 Yıl önce
mamma mia, if this what people in Norway think, there is still hope for Europe.
Tomas Siqveland
Tomas Siqveland Yıl önce
@drholmes1003 Absolutely, there’s hope! My grim words aren’t my own, though. Somewhat synthesised from Pistor, Chomsky, DiEM25, Klaas or Mearsheimer - these are *not* universal beliefs in Norway. No political party here challenge the predominant manufactured consent… Maybe, some day? 😅👍
Kevin Masters
Kevin Masters Yıl önce
Amazingly put together, I learned more from your 45 min video than other 4 hour documentaries.
Greg Macabodbod
Greg Macabodbod Yıl önce
Congratulations! Nice graphic and verbal presentation of history in capsule form. More power!
Uku 2 aylar önce
My dad took part of the Baltic chain when he was a kid. It's hard for me to comprehend something like this having been brought up in independent Estonia myself.
Riku Lappi
Riku Lappi 2 yıl önce
"To avoid any controversy, I decided to remove Finland". Such an insightful and diplomatically tactful move! As a Finn I can assure you that controversy over how Axis a power Finland fighting alongside Axis powers really was started 1941 and still goes on strong.
Alex V
Alex V Yıl önce
Among the Axis, but not truly _of_ the Axis, as it were
אוהד שטר
אוהד שטר Yıl önce
Wdym Finland doesn't exist he removed it from the world 🤣 it's not a thing anymore and never was.
Opinunate ted
Opinunate ted Yıl önce
Japan, Germany, and Italy. That was the axis. So I have been taught. So don't confuse me with new information.
6ick6ick6ity Yıl önce
Finland isnt real nice try
Blake The great one
@אוהד שטר more real than many middle eastern countries
Servragh Giorsal
Servragh Giorsal Yıl önce
I'm so glad i stumbled on this channel. He put these historical events in a form I could actually follow to gain more understanding of the fall of USSR. Now,, what I'd like to see is the rise of Russian capitalism and how Putin came to power. Why is he going after Ukraine and what does that mean for other smaller former members if he decides to engulf them too??? Obviously, Ukraine has many resources the Russians want, but what is it that's NOT so obvious??
Alla Bogatyreva
Alla Bogatyreva 9 aylar önce
Please name one resource that Ukraine has, but not Russia? Just one
ELISEUS R Yıl önce
Thanks, well laid out information and it makes sense, as to why one is fighting back not to risk of being wipe out completely of the ideology they dearly held.
Gail Blissitt
Gail Blissitt 4 aylar önce
Thank you for this excellent video. you made the complex understandable and the animations were perfect !!! Well done…Thank you .
Henry Parungao
Henry Parungao Yıl önce
Thanks for the summary. Helped me understand more what happened. Keep up the good work
MK BV RO UK Yıl önce
wow! A very interesting summary of the events. Very educational. 👍I learned about this many years ago, in school. But only now, after 37 years of life and more experience, I can say I properly understand it. Especially because your video is very helpful. Wish you many more subscribers 👍🙂.
Tom Pearse
Tom Pearse 3 yıl önce
The Bolsheviks didnt overthrow the Tsar, important distinction. They overthrew the liberal provisional government which had overthrown the Tsar
86thrasher 3 yıl önce
Tom Pearse Yeah Alexander Kerensky’s government, his government wasn’t “radical” enough for the Bolsheviks
Rustin Wilson
Rustin Wilson 3 yıl önce
It's an important distinction because the fact that the bolsheviks overthrew a provisional government removes a lot of their legitimacy. They weren't even the only socialists around, the mensheviks were content to gradually transition to socialism through the democratic process.
feffddc 3 yıl önce
@Rustin Wilson Although the new government was already not popular as it didnt keep many of its really important promises and were kinda Tsar 2.0.And thats why most people supported bolshevicks in the civil war
History Scope
History Scope 3 yıl önce
You're right, I'm sorry I got that wrong
Rustin Wilson
Rustin Wilson 3 yıl önce
@feffddc considering they had 8 months of existence they never really had a chance. It's important to remember that Russia from a social perspective didn't have nearly as much influence from the enlightenment. So the provisional government essentially had to jump start democracy rather than transition to it, which infinitely is harder. The Soviets just didn't bother with the democratic process to achieve their goals & fell into totalitarianism. Was the provisional government perfect? No, it was a diverse group of people all trying to achieve their own goals, but I'd take a pluralist political process over a one party regime anyday.
Derek Kane
Derek Kane Yıl önce
I love how you dropped the line "Germany will be united!" Great job as always and I look forward to seeing more of your videos 😊👍
Tsoler Samanlian
Tsoler Samanlian Yıl önce
Very informative, detailed, and organized. Loved the video !!
Michael English
Michael English Yıl önce
This should be a "video day" program in schools. This was current events when I was in middle school so we actually learned all this. But I forgot pretty much all of it! Great, great video.
twesj Yıl önce
My girlfriend was born there. Her mom and her left the year the Union fell. She was only 4 at the time. Her mom seems to have liked living in there from how she speaks. They call themselves Soviets rather than Russians. I've tried asking her mom what she thinks of what's going on now but she just said she doesn't like politics
manugamer99 6 aylar önce
He possessed a quality lacking in most world leaders: he knew when to quit. May he rest in peace... he was what in the end matters the most: a good person.
Don Carlo di Vargas
Don Carlo di Vargas 2 yıl önce
Some 4 years ago I worked in one of the republics of the soviet union, together with many of my colleagues, and in the beginning, when we talked with the locals we asked them how life was during the communism, but after a couple of weeks we agreed to not talk to the locals about that theme, because the more they talked the more aggressive or sad they became, I think that by asking about it we revoked some really traumatic memories, perhaps it was humiliating, or they remembered things they wanted to forget, some talked and talked like crazy, about their whole life, it was really surreal, also our customer talked about the 'old days' and it was impossible to understand, only a lot of 'he said' and then 'i said' over and over again, generally, I got the impression everyone had a sad tone in their voices and it was hurtful to talk about it, it made a great impact on me, this experience
lilac 2 yıl önce
They probably felt sad that it went away, the poverty created after the calaps was terrifying
Don Carlo di Vargas
Don Carlo di Vargas 2 yıl önce
@lilac - yes, but, I got the impression that some also had been suffering under communism, and got angry when talking about it, the reason why people was suffering after the collapse of the system was because it was not able to produce goods for people
Daniel Adebajo
Daniel Adebajo Yıl önce
Great content, thank you so much for your hard work.
Olga's British Fells
Thank you for this video. It was just recommended to me after I posted my own recount of living in USSR. Yesterday I was talking to my mum about this exact topic, I was just curious. I am going to work now. But I after work, I will come back and watch every second of your video. This subject is very dear to my heart as I was 12 when the USSR collapsed and I remember a lot of things vividly.
Jesse Holder
Jesse Holder 4 aylar önce
GREAT production with extremely accurate historical summary. Now we just need history form 1992 to now. 🙏 I will donate to that cause. Thank you, Sir.
Mary Abreu
Mary Abreu Yıl önce
Thank you very much for historical and informative talk on the history of the former USSR. Very helpful in understanding this Nation.
Nishant Gogna
Nishant Gogna Gün önce
Fantastic video. Subscribed! You’re a great story teller.
Dr. Edward Boss
Dr. Edward Boss 3 yıl önce
I love the fact that kazakhstan was the soviet union for 4 days
Jay unpseudo
Jay unpseudo 3 yıl önce
In Kazakhstan, You don't leave Soviet union. Soviet union leaves you.
The Yangem
The Yangem 3 yıl önce
TheLocalLt 3 yıl önce
Dr. Edward Boss It wasn’t, these states which declared their independence had no actual sovereignty until December 25 when the Soviet Union officially dissolved, before then the Soviet Military command structure was still in place, and there was still small scale violence against some of the republics trying to declare independence (there were at least a couple incidents in both the Baltics and Caucasus). Only on December 25, 1991 did all of these countries fully gain any sovereignty, with the dissolution of the Soviet command structure and transfer of all Russian units (who were basically the only ones left in the Soviet Army at that point anyway) to the Russian Army.
Dr. Edward Boss
Dr. Edward Boss 3 yıl önce
@TheLocalLt pls don't break my dreams
The Yangem
The Yangem 3 yıl önce
@N'importe Qui ok buddy edit: they were advocating for the destruction of Cananada so... ok then
Laurie Lewis
Laurie Lewis Yıl önce
Please keep these videos going. In fact now would be a great time to cover Russias current invasion.
Victory Nwaeze
Victory Nwaeze Yıl önce
This is the most comprehensive rendition of the collapse of the USSR. WONDERFUL PRESENTATION. Worth listening to.
Natasha Franko
Natasha Franko Yıl önce
Thank you very much this was a very interesting video , I learned alot . It was helpful to understand more about what is going on in our world . Thank you for your comprehensive information . It was very well done. I have poor knowledge and understanding of all of this so it was very helpful. Thank you for taking the time to do this .
Ant Electric London
very concise and clear..covering some really important aspects...great job ! Essential watching for 2022
Ant Electric London
....side note : fatalities by alcohol in Russia went totally nuts during stress of early 90's ....proper nuts..I believe in one year alone 200,000 ruskies drunk themselves to death....tragic : /
Karellen (Smarasanta)
Karellen (Smarasanta) 4 aylar önce
I love how you put classical musics relevant to the countries being talked about. Some that I picked up: Hungarian dance for Hungary Dvorak's From the New World for Czechoslovakia.
Ivan Krivyakov
Ivan Krivyakov 2 yıl önce
A few important points you are missing: - Soviet economy was heavily dependent on oil exports, and oil prices were at all time low in the late 1980s - The shortages started before the economic liberlization, and the food rationing system was introduced around 1989. It, along with the government price control was abolished in January 1992, leading to spiraling inflation. - There were violent nationalistic conflicts in fringe respublics from 1988 onwards Small mistakes: Bolsheviks did not overthrow the Tsar in 1917, it was done by a wide coalition of forces that formed the Temporary Government, that was in turned overthrown by the Bolsheviks. Gorbachev's last name is pronounced with an "o", GorbachOv (owing to the quirks of Russian spelling). Finland did ally itself with the Axis powers during WW2, and participated in the war on Germany's side, whether Finnish people today like it or not. Of course, there were nuances, and one may argue it had no choice after being attacked by the USSR in 1939, but nevertheless the alliance did take place.
yatur 10 aylar önce
@Rob H You have a very romantic view of all this. I meant the conflicts between different non-Russian people. Like Azeri and Armenians, the peoples of Fergana valley, etc. When Russian government was strong, it was able to suppress those. In your analogy it would be a violent pogrom in Gettysburg and Philadelphia with Pennsylvanians killing Marylandians. Which would not be a good analogy anyway since those two spoke the same language and were hardly distinguishable (and were relatively recent settlers/occupiers to boot). So, analogies don't really work well here. Maybe Arab-Jewish conflict in British Palestine would be a slightly better one.
John Titor
John Titor Yıl önce
Here's the thing. You can't exactly blame the Czar for this. I mean. He did ignore many of the issues coming from the working class and treated them like peasants and rabid dogs rather than credible human beings with actual issues, but there's no way he could've seen this coming and in a way he did everything he could to fight it.
Shruti Yıl önce
I love how the music completely aligns with the chronology of events :)
Emma Bailey
Emma Bailey Yıl önce
Excellent video! Very informative, I appreciate your effort.
Greg White
Greg White Yıl önce
Great video. It's obvious you put a lot of effort into it.
Daniel Bowden
Daniel Bowden Yıl önce
In the opening segment you explain that the czar Nicholas 2 was overthrown by the Bolsheviks, however this is a slight inaccuracy as Nicholas had already abdicated from the thrown prior to being shot and stabbed by the Russian Army. Great video though, thank you. Very informative and enjoyable.
Garrett Merkin
Garrett Merkin 3 yıl önce
As a US citizen, we really only cover in depth the Revolution, Stalin era/ WWII, and Glasnost and Gorbs. Looking forward to this one.
Garrett Merkin
Garrett Merkin 3 yıl önce
@Bob The Demolisher definitely. AP Euro was the course that set me on to a history major. We mostly focused on Western Europe and the Enlightenment era. Modern was covered but mostly from a western perspective. I took one course at UMASS in my last year to study the USSR. That was super in depth but we only covered a few decades as a result. Up until Stalin's death. Keep historying, my friend.
Garrett Merkin
Garrett Merkin 3 yıl önce
@Bob The Demolisher You're one hundred percent right. It is disappointing. Where you living? I grew up in Connecticut, went to school in Boston and have been living in Florida for well over a decade.
Garrett Merkin
Garrett Merkin 3 yıl önce
@Bob The Demolisher after the whole college thing I wound up getting into the restaurant industry lol. Worked all different positions in a few places for about 12 years and enjoyed every second of it. Since everything has closed I am currently working at a Publix. Lol. It's alright. Had a good time down here. Right now is just a little rough for everyone. Still grateful for what I've got and happy that I am able to spend my free time doing things like this.
Garrett Merkin
Garrett Merkin 3 yıl önce
@Bob The Demolisher how you holding up up there?
History Scope
History Scope 3 yıl önce
A nice civil debate. I love my audience.
Maki Roll
Maki Roll Yıl önce
Great video! I don’t know much about Russian history and wanted to know more. This video was a great start and introduction.
Alice Moller
Alice Moller Yıl önce
Thank you for the interesting video. The end was so good ""He quit" It is a good sign when a leader realizes that the citizens of the country he is leading don't want him there. I wish more leaders would have the moral fibre and character of this man. When a person holds on to power the citizens become a mountain of bones, not seeing what they have done.
Curt Johnston
Curt Johnston Yıl önce
Fantastic video. Great visuals, clear audio and concise in narration.
Kimberly Hone
Kimberly Hone Yıl önce
That was a brilliant video!! You should make videos for schools. You explain it so well and keep in interesting. 👏🏼 (From Australia).
Judy Miller
Judy Miller Yıl önce
Thank you so much for your hard work and animations. From Australia 🇦🇺
Santiago Enriquez Ruiz
Very, very good documentary! It enlightens a crucial historical moment that changed the world in ten years. Simple, attractive, respectful, well explained and spoken. It gives an overall understanding of what happen and why did it happen to those who were witness of that days not being able to believe the same facts we were seeing. Congratulations
Stella Grau
Stella Grau Yıl önce
Very enlightning.Thank you for your hard work.From Uruguay.
Mark Doughty
Mark Doughty Yıl önce
As good a politician as Mikhail Gorbachov was, I think he misread the (political) mood of the people of the Soviet Union and its satellite states, and instead of reform, they wanted the dissolution of the whole Soviet system. If the Soviet Union had gone the way of modern-day China, I feel, it would have survived. Of course, in hindsight, one of the most unfortunate consequences of the break-up of the Soviet Union is currently unfolding before our eyes in regards to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, which has been a sovereign country since the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Where's Mikhail Gorbachov when you need him... Educational and informative upload - thanks.
Cindy Sammy
Cindy Sammy 2 aylar önce
After watching this video, I can honestly say that my history teachers did a pretty good job.
Serena Yu
Serena Yu Yıl önce
It probably had a fraction to do with the oil price too. Crude oil prices dropped from $30.38 in Oct 1986 to $10.42 in Mar 1987, which caused nearly half of the USSR's income evaporated.
Adedayo Fajemisin
Wow… thank you for the time you put into making this. God bless an dreaded you. Great history course. I could see the finger of God all through thr details of the break up… Seeming innocent mistakes but all not orchestrated to see to the breakup of it
LeAnn McGee
LeAnn McGee Yıl önce
Thank you. very much for making this video. I learned so much from it! You did a great job. You have the perfect voice for this.
Neyte Yıl önce
Well, the Soviets actually did supress a lot of independance movements. They DID kill protesters in Lithuania, and they DID interfere with the revolution in Poland (it actually started in 1980 but was suppressed with the help of the soviet central government only to be resumed after 8-9 years). But yes, there was indeed less interference from the ussr
I K Yıl önce
The Baltic states that you refer to came into existence in Baltic after Peter the Great on behalf of Russia purchased those Baltic territories from Sweden in accordance with official international treaties and agreements. Those lands belong to Russia in accordance with international laws. If you disagree, then the US have to make Alaska a separate country owned by people native to Alaska. Because it's the same story.
Marina Zagrai
Marina Zagrai Yıl önce
Neyte…Don’t worry, I responded to him; he made a lot of mistakes…I don’t know where he got his information from. Lech Walesza was conveniently left out.
Wing keung Kong
Wing keung Kong Yıl önce
All the great power do the same thing
iLoveEatingPie Yıl önce
@I K Neither Poland nor Lithuania was governed by Sweden at that time. You may be confusing Lithuania with Livonia, which was within the territories of current Latvia and Estonia. And even then, the practice of selling occupied states is of questionable lawfulness, as it is understood today. And finally, saying that "they came into existence" after the treaty is just absurd. The states have a long history before that, even participating in wars with Russia.
hullmees666 Yıl önce
@I K in case of estonia just google tartu peace treaty: "In consequence of the right of all peoples to self-determination, to the point of seceding completely from the State of which they form part, a right proclaimed by the Socialist and Federal Russian Republic of the Soviets, Russia unreservedly recognizes the independence and sovereignty of the State of Estonia, and renounces voluntarily and forever all sovereign rights possessed by Russia over the Estonian people and territory whether these rights be based on the juridical position that formerly existed in public law, or in the international treaties which, in the sense here indicated, lose their validity in future." you're welcome. and while before that latvia and estonia had never existed as countries their people have been here for several millennia. lithuania as a country is however older than russia (grand duchy of moscow).
Gian Polignano
Gian Polignano Yıl önce
This is really good, thank you. How do you feel about Russia's current stance on Ukraine?
DreamingFlurry Yıl önce
Muchas gracias :) - great video, especially since (as a German!) it touches me in more ways than one, as I am one of the people who was born in the mid 80s, thus all this was still in progress when I went to school and teachers etc. didn't touch it much (they dwelled on the German Democratic Republic, which is an interesting topic if you talk about the STASI etc. - but not if you look at how people live over there etc...I am sorry, but those history lessons got boring surprisingly fast -.-)
Keefe 10 aylar önce
Tchaikovsky. Beautiful. Reminds me of my tiger mother upbringing. So painful yet rewarding. Still don't know if I would switch depression for ignorance