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How Was Video Invented?

Veritasium
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I always wanted to know why film looked better than video. Moving electronic images have as long a history but were invented for a different purpose. This video was sponsored by B&H Photo: www.bhphotovideo.com

Huge thanks to:

Richard Diehl, Video Labguy trvid.com/u-videolabguy
www.labguysworld.com

Branch Education for awesome animations
ve42.co/BranchEd

Minutephysics for mechanical TV animations
trvid.com/u-minutephysics

Mark Schubin
Engineer and explainer, SMPTE Life Fellow
www.smpte.org

This is a video I've long wanted to make, about what makes video look like video and, up until 10 years ago or so, not as appealing as film. I grew up with the two technologies (film and video) in parallel and to me they always seemed like two ways of achieving the same ends: recording and replaying moving images. But their histories are quite distinct. Film was always a way to capture moving images for later replaying. Video started out as a way to transfer images from one place to another instantaneously. This dates back to the first fax machine, mechanical TV, live broadcast tv and ultimately videotapes. This history focuses on the early decades of video and not the more recent switches to chip cameras and solid state storage. Maybe that's a story for another day.

Additional resources and references:

The Dawn of Tape: Transmission Device as Preservation Medium
ve42.co/dawnoftape

What Sparked Video Research in 1877? The Overlooked Role of the Siemens Artificial Eye
ve42.co/sparkvideo

Video Preservation Website:
videopreservation.conservation...

Image Orthicon Tube:
interiorcommunicationselectric...

Film vs Digital
stephenfollows.com/film-vs-di...

Eyes of a Generation:
eyesofageneration.com

Television in the US:
www3.northern.edu/wild/th100/t...

www.classictvinfo.com

Music from www.epidemicsound.com "Seaweed" "Capture a Picture 1" "Colorful Animation 4"

katma

 

28 Mar 2019

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YORUMLAR 4 029
@veritasium
@veritasium 3 yıl önce
If you're watching this right now, it's probably because I posted a gif in the community tab. I'm curious if you:
@smartereveryday
@smartereveryday 3 yıl önce
Dude, maybe I'm biased because we're friends.... But your latest content had been consistently phenomenal. This is excellent.
@robertholtz
@robertholtz Yıl önce
My father, Sam Holtz, was a legend in broadcast television engineering, telecine, and video post production. He filled my head with all this engineering science and history over the course of most of my life, along with all these technical inner workings you described... just about all of it now a lost art. I watched this video with a deep appreciation for you. Thank you for bringing this knowledge to a new generation and doing it so accurately. I just wish my dad was still around to have watched your video. I know it would’ve put a smile on his face. Peace.
@necessaryevil455
@necessaryevil455 2 yıl önce
Amazing. If everyone was as smart as me we would still be using stone tools.
@lovemyself4084
@lovemyself4084 7 saatler önce
The fact that that camera invented one year after Napoleonic war ended is just so sad, i really want at least one picture of Napoleon exist in this world
@skierpage
@skierpage Yıl önce
Alexander Bain's electromechanical fax at
@michael4192
@michael4192 Yıl önce
Damn. Imagine you could tell those folks that you would be able to do all that with a handheld device. They'd be astounded!
@kalvinhalvorson6072
It’s truly amazing that people were able to think of stuff like that from scratch
@Teufel904
@Teufel904 Yıl önce
It's interesting to know that high quality 35mm Film has about as much detail as a 4k Video. The reason most movie studios waited so long to switch to video is not because they waited for better editing techniques, but more because they waited for Video quality to catch up with film quality. That's also the reason why some older Music Videos can be remastered into good looking 4k, but some newer ones can't, the latter being shot in Video.
@mohnjarx7801
@mohnjarx7801 Yıl önce
It's mind boggling to think how the pioneers of this technology came up with their ideas, let alone figured out how to build them
@ZackLeath
@ZackLeath Yıl önce
I don’t see how everyone just goes about their day to day life not wondering how electricity works. Let alone subjects like this. I’m so glad I chose to go to college and choose a career path to mess around with awesome things everyday. I remember my first couple of semesters of college I thought I was learning magic. I wish there were more people like this guy to show how amazing everything we use everyday really is.
@jzero4813
@jzero4813 2 yıl önce
Having touched on the Nipkow disc, this would make a great segue into spinning-disc confocal microscopy. It's basically the same technique being used today to create some of the most advanced real-time 3D biological microscopy images out there.
@alileevil
@alileevil Yıl önce
Technology back then seems to be so much more complicated in certain ways.
@sarabeth641
@sarabeth641 3 yıl önce
I'm so glad to see you posting more. Thank you for continuing to educate us.
@al-b
@al-b 2 yıl önce
It's awesome how you describe the history so succinctly yet comprehensively, and at the end you challenge us with a relevant question about how all of this technology influences us today. Great content, please keep making more!
@adonismateo
@adonismateo Yıl önce
these people were genius for sure 👏🏽
@FlavorOfTheMonthChannel
Such an excellent breakdown of the history of video. The balance of the technical aspects and real world implications of video w/ examples made this "video" both interesting and educational. Also extra points for noting how this ties into You"Tube" and the Emmys. I've always enjoyed this channel, but this was the video that made me realize I wasn't subscribed yet, so now I'm sub'd. Keep up the great work & top quality content!
@brownfp
I remember learning in my history of mass comm class in college how every episode of I Love Lucy you see was recorded by a film camera aimed at a TV. Also, one of the fathers of CRT, Vladimir Zworykin, became so disillusioned with how television changed society that when asked late in life what he felt was his greatest contribution to television, he said "the off-switch".
@fanman421
@fanman421 Yıl önce
Excellent presentation !!! I grew up in the 50’s and 60’s. By age 13 I was riding my bicycle, with western flyer wagon behind, going around the neighborhoods collecting discarded TV sets. I would take them home, remove the tubes take them to the store and test them, and use the good ones to replace bad ones in other sets. Then sold working TV’s in garage sales. I can remember when fast moving TV images became less smeared when the vidicon camera tubes were replaced with the new plumbicon tubes that had a faster response.
@vodkainglassofstalinium1221
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